Dystonia

Dystonia is a neurological disorder which manifests itself as abnormal movements due to involuntary muscle contractions.

A neurological disorder

A rare, but very incapacitating illness

These contractions, which are sometimes very painful, may result in abnormal posture, twisting or repetitive movements.

Dystonia is a symptom which may be present in very many diseases.

In children, the most frequent cause of dystonia is cerebral palsy. Although rare, prevalence is estimated at 12/100,000 people. In children dystonia interferes with all daily activities and is described as very incapacitating.

Amongst the alternative treatments are the benzodiazepines (clonazepam), GABAb receptor agonists (baclofen), dopamine agonists and presynaptic dopamine agonists.